- Clean then oil your blade. Oiling stops water from settling on the blade and rusting it.
- Leather parts should be treated with a paste-based wax.
- Whetstone for sharpening. Note that majority of swords were only sharp at the tip. The long sword was a piercing and hitting weapon. They would often break bones of opponents, then pierce with the tip.
- Swords can chip easy. Upon hitting something harder than it(such as a rock or stronger sword) the sword will most likely break or chip. For this reason, the blades would not have been used for chopping trees.
Also, since the blades were nicked easily, shields were most likely used for blocking other blades, not the sword.
- Do not leave the sword in the scabbard when not in use; the leather can trap moisture and cause rust spots. Most swords are uncomfortable to sit with, so were most likely removed from the hip at such times anyways. It is fine in the sheath for traveling, but best removed when resting.